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Wormwood
Artemisia absinthium




Botanical Information:
The Artemisia absinthium is part of the Compositae, family, which also include daisies and sunflowers. This family has over 23,000 different species, wormwood being one of them.



History:

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The Artemisia absinthium AKA Wormwood was first developed in the French-Swiss border regions near Pontparlier and Val de Travers, which are two villages that are considered the home of this plant. Even though it was first developed in Europe it can also be found in most parts of North America. It can be found on states such as Colorado, North Dakota, and Washington. Wormwood is known for being one of the many herbs used to flavor the highly alcoholic drink, absinthe.




Domestic Information:

wormwood2.pngThe absinth wormwood can be found in most parts of North America, but originated in Europe. They naturally grow in mild climate areas such as Europe, North Africa and Asia. Due to its high demand it is mostly grown in North America mainly for medical purposes.

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Intoxicating/Dangerous:
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The absinth wormwood contains a potent ingredient called thujone that at high concentrations can cause seizures and death. When wormwood is made into a drink it contains over 70% of alcohol while certain types of gin and vodka have only 40%. Thujone is a fragrant, oily substance, naturally found in a variety of common plants and flowers but if you are looking for a large amount it is found in the wormwood plant. It is said that the wormwood oil typically contains over 40% of the thujone substance.




Family History:
Kingdom: Plantae- Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta- Vascular Plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta- Seed Plants
Division: Magnoliophyta- Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida- Dicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae- Aster Family
Genus: Artemisia L.- Sagebrush
Species: Artemisia absinthium L.


Sources:
< Absinthe101.(2011).The History of Absinthe. Retrieved November 26,2012. From http://www.absinthe101.com/history.html>
< Natural Remedies.(2010,May11).Wormwood.[Web Log Post].From http://www.naturalremedies.org/wormwood/>
< Peterson,J.S.(2002,October 1).Artemisia Absinthium L.United States Department of Agriculture.Retrieved November 26,2012. From
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=arab3>
<Stewart, A.(2009).Wicked Plants.New York, New York: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill>
<WebMd.(2005).Wormwood Overview Information.WebMd,LLC.Retrieved November 26,2012, from
http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-729-WORMWOOD.aspx?activeIngredientId=729&activeIngredientName=WORMWOOD.>